중국 남종선 (南宗禪) 분파 (分派)의 총칭
1) 임제종( 臨濟宗) 2) 위앙종 (潙仰宗) 3) 조동종 (曹洞宗) 4) 운문종( 雲門宗) 5) 법안종 (法眼宗) 6) 양기파 (楊岐派) 7) 황룡파 (黃龍派). 앞의 다섯을 오가 (五家)라 말하고, 양기파 (楊岐派)와 황룡파 (黃龍 派)는 임제종에서 파생한 것. 선문 (禪門 )참조
Five Houses and Seven Schools: The general terms for the Seven Schools of Ch’an or Zen during the Tang period in China. The first five of the following are Five Houses, and the last two Schools stem from the Linji School: 1) Linjii School. 2) Weiyang School. 3) Caodong School. 4) Yunmen School. 5) Fayen School. 6) the Yangqi-pai or branch 7) the Huanglung-pai or branch. Cf. (Seonmun) The Seon Monastery or School, and (Seonmun Ojong) Five Seon or Ch’an gates or schools.